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Research Article






Odewusi, O O, Oladokun T S, Nzelu, C A, Olaniyan O O, Obadire S O, Ogunyemi O M

Abstract: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood genetic disorders resulting in an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying protein hemoglobin found in red blood cells. This study was carried out to compare Cystatin C and KIM 1 to creatinine in the assessment of kidney injury in sickle cell patients attending the Sickle cell Department of Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State Nigeria. A total of one hundred and four (104) individuals were recruited for this study comprising of 83 (79.81%) individuals who had history of sickle cell (subjects) and 21 (20.19%) individuals without sickle cell disease (control). Blood samples were collected from each subjects into plain bottle from which serum was separated and stored at -200C. Creatinine was determined spectrophotometrically using Jaffe’s method, while KIM 1 and Cystatin C levels were determined using ELISA. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS and significant difference was pegged at p<0.05. From the results obtained, the mean ± SD of KMI 1 (pg/mL) in crisis subjects, steady subjects and control was 1.58±0.84, 1.44±0.97 and 0.67±0.42, BMI (kg/m2) was 17.38±4.98, 21.42±2.20 and 22.21±1.77, Creatinine (mg/dl) was 2.45±1.80, 1.13±0.46 and 0.83±0.37, while Cystatin C (mmol/L) was 214.00±103.84, 194.12±132.96 and 55.89±17.21 respectively. Serum Cystatin C and KIM 1 levels were significantly higher (p<0.05) in both Steady and Crisis Subjects when compared with control. Serum creatinine levels was significantly higher (p<0.05) in crisis subjects compared with control. The research conclude that Kidney injury is a hallmark of Sickle cell Disease and that that Cystatin C and KIM 1 are better markers of Kidney Injury in Sickle Cell patients than creatinine.

KEYWORDS: Sickle Cell Disease, Renal Injury, Crisis, Steady State, KIM 1, Cystatin C


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 To cite this article:

Odewusi, O O Oladokun T S Nzelu, C A, Olaniyan O O, Obadire S O, Ogunyemi O M. Comparing cystatin c and kim 1 to creatinine in the assessment of kidney injury in sickle cell patients. Int. J. Med. Lab. Res. 2023; 8,2:8-16.

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