Research Articles

      Abstract    

        

CROSS INFECTIONS WITH BACTERIAL CONTAMINATED HANDS DURING ROUTINE CARE IN MEDICAL WARDS.

Akharaiyi FC, Suleiman FA

ABSTRACT: Health worker’s hands though not totally free from microorganisms, are more contaminated with microbial pathogens during routine care on patients attending to treatments. These contaminated hands thereafter transferred pathogens from one patient to another and also in the health care environment. This study detailed on the number, bacterial types and the risk factors for hand contamination of health workers during patients’ interaction; and the antibiotic profile of isolated bacteria. The hands of health workers before and after patients’ interactions were carried out in the medical wards of Afe Babalola University. Sixty four samples were collected on daily bases using sterile swab sticks, transported to the laboratory and streaked on various growth media such as MacConkey agar, nutrient agar, potato dextrose agar, mannitol salt agar, plate count agar and blood agar. Among the bacteria species isolate and identified, Staphylococcus aureus (4) was the most predominant contaminant, followed by Citrobacter freundii (2) and Bacillus cereus (2), all with different sensitive patterns to antibiotics. All isolated microbes were sensitive to Ciprofloxacin with varying degree of susceptibility. Hands of health workers needs protective means and routine washing of hands after attending to patients in order to reduce cross contaminations.

 

KEYWORDS: Contaminations, environment, health workers, hand, protection, bacteria, sensitivity.

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