In publication process of an article reviewing has an important role as it helps an editor in making decision on an article and also enables the author to improve the manuscript. Reviewers should ensure that the manuscript is within their area of expertise and they can dedicate the appropriate time to review of the manuscript.
Manuscripts are confidential materials given to a reviewer in trust for the sole purpose of critical evaluation. Reviewers should ensure that the review processes is confidential. Details of the manuscript and the review process should remain confidential during and after the review process.
Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities. Reviewers should declare their conflicts of interest and recuse themselves from the peer-review process if a conflict exists.
The copying of someone else’s work or ideas and using them for your own work. Using information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others is unethical for reviewers.
Reviewers should not be influenced by the origin of the manuscript, religious, political or cultural viewpoint of the author or gender, race, ethnicity or citizenry of the author. Reviews should be honest and objective.
while evaluating manuscript reviewer shoul emphasize on the originality, quality of work, presentation, depth of research, contribution to the field. Reviewers should not rewrite the manuscript; however necessary corrections and suggestions for improvements should be made. Reviewer should also focus on that the author have followed the instruction for authors, editorial policies and publication ethics and followed journal’s reporting guidelines.
Reviewers should review and return manuscripts in a timely manner.
Reviewers’ recommendation should be either:
• Requires minor corrections
• Requires moderate revision
• Requires major revision
• Not suitable for the journal. Submit to another publication such as (suggest a journal):
More of the guidline can seen on below links: