top of page
Research Articles






Rana G Zaini

ABSTRACT: Data from several studies have showed that many people are unaware of the importance of universal periodic examination and its importance in the early detection of different disorders such as diabetic. Early detection aims at discovering and curing conditions which have already produced pathological change but which have not so far reached a stage at which medical aid is sought spontaneously. Effective and early detection of disease requires not only the alert and prevention-oriented medical profession but also needs the public co-operation in the operation. The aim of this study was to assess the awareness level among Saudi and non-Saudi male and female. Method: three electronic-page of self-completion questionnaire was developed and covered: general information about participants, as well as their awareness about the importance of periodic examinations. Results: unfortunately, the study revealed that out of 216 participants, only 47% had performed laboratory tests recently such as hemoglobin level and blood glucose level. On the other hand, the majority had not performed any laboratory investigations and 5% were not sure if they did the check up laboratory tests or not. This study was also observed that the majority of the participants 72.2% had a positive family history of diabetes, hypertension or/and heart disease. Conclusion: thus, this study suggested that some laboratory screening tests should be offered for high risk individual at specific age among the community and only for the common diseases such as diabetes.


KEYWORDS: Awareness, Laboratory, Periodic, Examination


  1. Muninarayana C, Balachandra G, Hiremath SG, Krishna Iyengar, and Anil NS. Prevalence and awareness regarding diabetes mellitus in rural Tamaka, Kolar. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries. 2010; 30(1): 18–21.

  2. Wendy WB., Rosalind MP, Suzanne EO, William FK, Allan C, Shu-Chen C, Karren K and Michael JK. Early detection of kidney disease in community settings: the kidney early evaluation program (KEEP). American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2003;42(1):22-35.

  3. Lori M, Wanda K, Jones, Kathleen B, King, Pamela O, Rita F, Redberg, Martha N, Hill. Awareness, Perception, and Knowledge of Heart Disease Risk and Prevention Among Women in the United States Arch Fam Med. 2009; 9:506-515.

  4. Kwok LO, Bernard MY. Cheung, Yu Bun Man, Chu Pak Lau, Karen SL, Lam. Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension Among United States Adults 1999– 2004. Hypertension. 2009; 49, (1): 69-75.

  5. World Health Orgnization Last acssess on 20 July.

  6. Williamson J, Stokoe, I.H., Gray, S, Fisher, M., Smith, A., McGhee, A. & Stephenson, E.Old people at home. Lancet,1964; 1, 1117

  7. McQueen MJ. Screening for the early detection of disease, the need for evidence. Clin Chim Acta. 2002; 315: 5–15.

  8. Bates SM, Ginsberg GS., Strauss SE., Rekers H., Sackett DL. Criteria for evaluating evidence that laboratory abnormalities are associated with the development of venous thrombo-embolism. CMAJ. 2000;163:1016–21.

  9. World Health Orgnization. Acid Fast Direct smear microscopy: Geneva, World Health Orgnization.2006.

  10. World Health Organization, Mass Health Examinationas Puplic Health Tool. Technical Report.Geneva: WHO;1971.50-51.

  11. Sachett DL. Screening for early detection of disease: to what purpose? Bull N Y Acad Med. 1975; 51:39-52.

  12. Catford JC, Bennet GC, Wilkinson JA. Congenital hip dislocation : an increasing and still uncontrolled disability. BMJ 1982; 285:1527-30.

  13. Alqurashi KA, Aljabri KS and Bokhari SA: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a Saudi community. Ann Saudi Med. 2011; 31: 19-23,.

bottom of page