Review Articles

      Abstract    

        

A HISTORY OF EVOLUTION OF SPECIAL STAINS

Bharadwaj Bordoloi, Rohit Jaiswal, Safia Siddiqui, Rajeev Bhushan Singh

ABSTRACT: Special stains are dyes or substances used for special purpose in a histopathology laboratory. They help in differential coloration of cells and tissues in a specimen, help in visualization and thereby assist pathologists in diagnosis. These special stains have a long history of invention with the great efforts of the pioneer scientists and advent of new stain in line with the developments in the dye industry. This review assesses and compiles the current available literature to provide a sense of the rich legacy of histopathological analysis.

KEYWORDS: Special stain, dye, evolution, history

REFERENCES:

  1. Ross MH, Pawlina W. Histology-A Text and Atlas. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.

  2. Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 28thed. New Delhi: Harcourt Brace & Co. Asia PTE Ltd; 1994.

  3. Anderson J. An introduction of routine and special staining. Germany: Leica Biosystems; 2011. Available from: www.leicabiosystems.com/pathologyleaders[Last accessed on 2017 Sep 01]

  4. Black JG. Microbiology-principles and exploration. 8thed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2012.

  5. Titford M. The long history of haematoxylin. Biotech Histochem. 2005;80(2):73-8.

  6. Gurcan MN, Boucheron L, Can A, Madabhushi A, Rajpoot N, Yener B. Histopathological image analysis-a review. IEEE Rev Biomed Eng. 2009; 2(1):147‑71.

  7. Allison RT. Haematoxylin-from the wood. J ClinPathol. 1999;52:527-8.

  8. Rosai J. Rosai and Ackerman’s Surgical Pathology. 10th ed. London: Mosby; 2011.

  9. Kumar GL, Gill GW. Introduction to Special Stains. In Kumar GL, Kiernan JA (ed). Dako Education guide-special stains and H&E. 2nd ed. California: Dako; 2010. Available from: www.dako.com [Last accessed on 2017 Sep 01].

  10. Bordoloi B, Jaiswal R, Siddiqui S, Tandon A. Health Hazards of Special Stains. Saudi J. Pathol. Microbiol. 2017;2(5):175-8.

  11. Musumeci G. Past, present and future: overview on histology and histopathology. J HistolHistopathol. 2014; 1(5):1-3.

  12. Titford M. A short history of histopathology technique: J Histotechnol. 2006; 29(2):99-110.

  13. Conn HJ. Biological stains; a handbook on the nature and uses of the dyes employed in the biological laboratory, 6th ed. Maryland: The Williams & Wilkins Company; 1953.

  14. Cook DJ. Cellular Pathology – An Introduction to Techniques and Applications. 2nd ed. Oxfordshire: Scion Publishing Ltd.; 2006.

  15. Titford M. Progress in the development of microscopical techniques for diagnostic pathology. J Histotechnol. 2009;32(1):9-19.

  16. Titford M and Bowman B. What May the Future Hold for Histotechnologists? LabMedicine. 2012;43:5-10.

  17. Costa CAX, Brito KNO, Gomes MA, Caliari MV. Histopathological and immunohistochemical study of the hepatic lesions experimentally induced by Entamoeba. Eur. J. Histochem. 2010;54(3):170-4.

  18. Alturkistani HA, Tashkandi FM, Mohammedsaleh ZM. Histological Stains-a literature review and case study. GJHS. 2016;8(3):72-9.

  19. Bishop PJ, Neumann G. The history of the Ziehl–Neelsen stain. Tubercle. 1970;51:196-206.

  20. Bartholomew JW, Mittwer T. The Gram stain. Bacteriol Rev. 1952;16(1):1-29.

  21. Rodrigues EB, Costa EF, Penha FM, Melo GB, Bottós J, Dib E, Farah ME. The use of vital dyes in ocular surgery. SurvOphthalmol. 2009; 54(5):576-617.

  22. Alton D. Evolution of use of special stains. In Kumar GL, Kiernan JA (ed). Dako Education guide-special stains and H&E. 2nd ed. California: Dako; 2010. Available from: www.dako.com [Last accessed on 2017 Sep 01].

  23. Horobin RW, Kiernan JA. Conn’s Biological Stains: A Handbook of Dyes and Fluorochromes for Use in Biology and Medicine. 10th ed. Oxford: BIOS Scientific Publishers; 2002.

Basics and upadate on flow cytometry related research

IJMLR events

   Article are invited for

         Vol 5, Issue 2,

         May-Aug 2020

  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • Google+ - Black Circle

Copyright © 2016 International Journal of Medical Laboratory Research. All right reserved

             mail