top of page
Research Article






A Varghese, K Thilak, S P Rahman, S M Thomas

Abstract: Clinical laboratory professionals form the backbone of modern health care system. Work stress affects the overall physical and mental wellbeing of clinical laboratory professionals and their productivity. Long term untreated stress can lead to complications including cardiovascular diseases, mental illness, and musculoskeletal disorders. The objective of the study was to assess the work stress among clinical laboratory professionals, evaluate the work stress coping strategies, and to assess how effectively they get support in dealing with stress with the help of stress management programmes. Methods: A total of 228 clinical laboratory professionals have taken part in the study. The study period was from 15th April 2023-24th April 2023. Snowball sampling technique was used where online survey questionnaire developed using The Workplace Stress Scale™ Copyright © The Marlin Company, North Haven, CT, and the American Institute of Stress, Fort Worth, TX was shared and the data were analyzed. Two more questions were included in the study to know the coping strategies used by clinical laboratory professionals to manage work stress and how effectively work stress management workshops/programmes are used to monitor and resolve work stress and reduce or eliminate stress at the workplace. Results: Out of 228 participants, 43.85 % experienced fairly low stress to no stress whereas 39.47 % percentage of participants reported moderate stress and 16.66 % of the participant experienced severe stress out of which 2.19% had stress level which is potentially dangerous and should seek professional assistance which suggests that workplace stress is present among clinical laboratory professionals. Most of the participants in the study were females 164 (71.93%) 42.69% experienced fairly low to no stress,40.24% reported moderate stress,17.07% experienced severe stress including 1.22% having potentially dangerous stress. Out of 64 (28.07%) males, 46.88 % had fairly low to no stress,37.5% had moderate stress ,15.63% had severe stress out of which 4.69% had potentially dangerous stress levels. Interpretation and Conclusion: Employees need to develop coping mechanisms to reduce stress at work. Work stress coping strategies should be employed at management and individual levels to reduce the work-related stress. Organizations must conduct workshops on stress management, motivation, and education to assist clinical laboratory professionals in handling their work-related stress professionally.

KEYWORDS: Work stress, Clinical laboratory professionals


  1. [1] Leka S, Griffiths A, Cox T, World Health Organization. Work organisation and stress: systematic problem approaches for employers, managers and trade union representatives. World Health Organization; 2003.

  2. [2] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. (1999). Stress at work.:99-101.

  3. [3] Colligan TW, Higgins EM. Workplace stress: Etiology and consequences. Journal of workplace behavioral health. 2006 Jul 25;21,2:89-97.

  4. [4] Knezevic B, Milosevic M, Golubic R, Belosevic L, Russo A, Mustajbegovic J. Work-related stress and work ability among Croatian university hospital midwives. Midwifery. 2011 Apr 1;27,2:146-53.

  5. [5]  Karasek R. Low social control and physiological deregulation--The stress? disequilibrium theory, towards a new demand? control model. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health. 2008 Jan 1;34,6:117.

  6. [6] Mäntyniemi A, Oksanen T, Salo P, Virtanen M, Sjösten N, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Job strain and the risk of disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders, depression or coronary heart disease: a prospective cohort study of 69 842 employees. Occupational and environmental medicine. 2012 Aug 1;69,8:574-81.

  7. [7] Öhman L, Bergdahl J, Nyberg L, Nilsson LG. Longitudinal analysis of the relation between moderate long‐term stress and health. Stress and health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress. 2007;23,2:131-8.

  8. [8] Park J. Work stress and job performance. Ottawa, ON, Canada: Statistics Canada; 2007 Dec 7.

  9. [9] Can YS, Iles-Smith H, Chalabianloo N, Ekiz D, Fernández-Álvarez J, Repetto C, Riva G, Ersoy C. How to relax in stressful situations: a smart stress reduction system. InHealthcare 2020 Apr 16 (Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 100). MDPI.

  10. [10] Gianakos I. Predictors of coping with work stress: The influences of sex, gender role, social desirability, and locus of control. Sex roles. 2002; 46:149-58.

  11. [11] Cooper CL, Cartwright S. Healthy mind; healthy organization—A proactive approach to occupational stress. Human relations. 1994 ;47,4:455-71.

  12. [12] Ongori H, Agolla JE. Occupational stress in organizations and its effects on organizational performance. Journal of management research. 2008;8,3:123-35.

  13. [13] Kshatri JS, Das S, Kar P, Agarwal SK, Tripathy RM. Stress among clinical resident doctors of odisha: a multi-centric mixed methodology study. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2017 ;8,4:123.

  14. [14] Parmar K, Solanki C, Parikh M, Vankar GK. Gender differences in stress at work place among doctors and nurses. GCSMC Journal of Medical Science. 2015;4,2:108-13.

  15. [15] Kalliath P, Kalliath T. Work–family conflict: Coping strategies adopted by social workers. Journal of Social Work Practice. 2014 Jan 2;28,1:111-26.

  16. [16] Deb S, Chakraborty T, Chatterjee P, Srivastava N. Job-related stress, causal factors and coping strategies of traffic constables. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology. 2008 ;34,1:19-28.

  17. [17] Saini R, Kaur S, Das K. Occupational stress and coping strategies among nurses working in medical surgical units of a tertiary care hospital. Indian Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2014;30,1-2:20-7.

  18. [18] Carrington P, Collings Jr GH, Benson H, Robinson H, Wood LW, Lehrer PM, Woolfolk RL, Cole JW. The use of meditation–relaxation techniques for the management of stress in a working population. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 1980;22,4:221-31.

  19. [19] Kotteeswari M, Sharief ST. Job stress and its impact on employees performance a study with reference to employees working in Bpos. International Journal of Business and Administration Research Review. 2014; 2,4:18-25.

  20. [20] McCue JD, Sachs CL. A stress management workshop improves residents' coping skills. Archives of internal medicine. 1991 ;151,11:2273-7.

  21. [21] AlMuammar SA, Shahadah DM, Shahadah AO. Occupational stress in healthcare workers at a university hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Family and Community Medicine. 2022 ;29,3:196-203.

  22. [22] Van Wyk BE, Pillay‐Van Wyk V. Preventive staff‐support interventions for health workers. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2010(3).

  23. [23] Spurgeon P, Mazelan P, Barwell F. The organizational stress measure: An integrated methodology for assessing job-stress and targeting organizational interventions. Health services management research. 2012;25,1:7-15.

  24. [24] Glazer S, Liu C. Work, stress, coping, and stress management. InOxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology 2017 Apr 26.

  25. [25] Bond FW, Bunce D. Job control mediates change in a work reorganization intervention for stress reduction. Journal of occupational health psychology. 2001;6,4:290.

  26. [26] Munz DC, Kohler JM, Greenberg CI. Effectiveness of a comprehensive worksite stress management program: Combining organizational and individual interventions. International Journal of Stress Management. 2001;8:49-62.

  27. [27] Carr J, Kelley B, Keaton R, Albrecht C. Getting to grips with stress in the workplace: Strategies for promoting a healthier, more productive environment. Human Resource Management International Digest. 2011 Jun 7.

  28. [28] Chen M, Ran B, Gao X, Yu G, Wang J, Jagannathan J. Evaluation of occupational stress management for improving performance and productivity at workplaces by monitoring the health, well-being of workers. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 2021 Nov 27:101713.

  29. [29] Soltan MR, Al-Hassanin SA, Soliman SS, Gohar SF. Workplace-related stress among oncologists: Egyptian single-centered observational study. Middle East Current Psychiatry. 2020; 27:1-7.

  30. [30] Manning-Geist B, Meyer F, Chen J, Pelletier A, Kosman K, Chen X, Johnson NR. Pre-clinical stress management workshops increase medical students’ knowledge and self-awareness of coping with stress. Medical Science Educator. 2020;30:235-41.

  31. [31] Veach TL, Rahe RH, Tolles RL, Newhall LM. Effectiveness of an intensive stress intervention workshop for senior managers. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress. 2003;19,5:257-64.

 To cite this article:

Varghese A, Thilak K, Rahman SP, Thomas SM.   Study on importance of work stress management workshops and coping strategies among clinical laboratory professionals. Int. J. Med. Lab. Res. 2023; 8,2:17-25.

bottom of page